EPHEDRINE

Product: 
EPHEDRINE
Formulary: 
Generic Formulary
Category: 
Cardio Vascular System
Sub Group: 
VASOCONSTRICTORS
International Brand Name: 
Ephedrine Sulfate
Dosages: 
30 MG/ML
Unit of Packing: 
Vial- 1 ml
In treatment of: 
Treatment of Diabetic neuropathic oedema
Adverse Effects: 
1. Arrhythmias 2. Palpitations 3. Tachycardia 4. Hypertension 5. Precordial pain 6. Insomnia 7. Nervousness 8. Headahe 9. Dizziness 10. Confusion 11. Euphoria 12. Delirium 13. Mucosal irritation 14. Dry nose and throat 15. Nausea 16. Vomiting 17. Anorexia 18. Urine retention 19. Painful urination 20. Muscle weakness 21. Diaphoresis.
Contraiindication: 
1. Hypersensitivity to the drug or other sympathomimetics 2. Severe coronary artery disease 3. Porphyria 4. Arrhythmias 5. Angina pectoris 6. Susstatial organic heart disease 7. Cardiovascular diseases 8. Angle closure glaucoma 9. Psychoneurosis 10. In those taking MAO inhibitors
Special Precaution: 
1. Hypertension 2. Hyperthyroidism 3. Nervous or excitable states 4. Diabetes 5. Prostatic hyperplasia 6. Diabetes
Interaction: 
Not Available
Servings: 
Oral: Adults: As bronchodilator or nasal decongestant:12.5 to 50mg at every 3 to 4 hours; as required. Do not exceed 150mg in 24 hours. Orthostatic hypotension: 25mg 1 to 4 times daily as required. Children: Above 12 years:12.5 to 50mg at every 3 to 4 hours; as required. Do not exceed 150mg in 24 hours. Age 6 to 12: 6.25 to 12.5mg every four hours. Do not exceed 75mg in 24 hours. Children over 2 years: 2 to 3mg/kg/day in 4 to 6 divided doses. Orthostatic hypotension: 3mg/kg/day divided in to 4 to 6 doses. Enuresis: 25 to 50mg at bed time. Nasal spray: As nasal decongestant: Adults and children over 12 years: 2 to 3 sprays to each nostril; not more than every four hours. Children (age 6 to 12): 1 to 2 sprays to each nostril; not more than every four hours. I.M., S.C., or I.V.: Acute severe bronchospasm: 12.5 to 25mg I.M., S.C., or I.V. Hypotension: Adults: 25 to 50mg S.C. or I.M., or 10 to 25mg as slow I.V. bolus. A second I.M. dose of 50mg or I.V. dose of 25mg is administered if required. Repeat I.V. doses in 5 to 10minutes if required. Maximum dose: 150mg/day. Children: 3mg/kg/day S.C. or I.V. divided in to 4 to 6 doses

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